Citizenship of Romania

About Citizenship of Romania: 

In the heart of Eastern Europe lies Romania, a country rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. As an international student or immigrant, the prospect of accessing citizenship of Romania opens up a world of opportunities.

This comprehensive guide explores the various pathways to Romanian citizenship, with a focus on international students and immigrants. From eligibility criteria to the benefits of acquiring Romanian citizenship, this article aims to provide a thorough understanding of citizenship of Romania.

Understanding Citizenship of Romania:

Before delving into the details, let’s establish a foundational understanding of Romanian citizenship. Citizenship is the legal bond between an individual and a state, conferring certain rights and responsibilities. In the case of Romania, citizenship is a gateway to full participation in the country’s social, economic, and political life.

Types of Romanian Citizenship:

Romanian citizenship can be acquired through various means, and understanding these pathways is crucial for those seeking to make Romania their permanent home. The primary types include:

Citizenship by Birth:

Individuals born to Romanian citizens are automatically granted citizenship.

Citizenship by Descent:

Those with Romanian ancestors, even if born outside Romania, may be eligible for citizenship.

Citizenship by Marriage:

Foreign spouses of Romanian citizens can acquire citizenship after a certain period of marriage.


This process is open to foreigners who meet specific criteria, including residency requirements.

Citizenship of Romania for International Students:

Studying in Romania:

International students pursuing education in Romania have a unique opportunity to integrate into the society and potentially acquire citizenship. Here are the key steps:

Student Visa and Residence Permit:

International students must first obtain a student visa and a residence permit. Compliance with visa regulations and maintaining a valid residence permit is essential for eligibility.

Residency Requirements:

To qualify for citizenship, international students need to fulfill residency requirements, usually involving a continuous stay in Romania for a specified period.

Duration of Residency:

The specific duration of required residency varies, but it commonly ranges from five to eight years. During this period, international students must maintain continuous legal residence in Romania. Any interruptions, such as prolonged absences, may reset the residency clock, affecting eligibility.

Legal Residence and Compliance:

Residency isn’t merely about physically residing in Romania; it also entails compliance with the country’s laws and regulations. International students must uphold the terms of their visas, student permits, and any other legal requirements during their stay. Any legal issues or violations may impact the citizenship application process.

Temporary and Permanent Residency:

International students typically start with temporary residency, granted during their study period. Transitioning to permanent residency is often a prerequisite for citizenship. Permanent residency signifies a deeper commitment to Romania, demonstrating a desire to establish long-term roots in the country.

Integration into Society:

Residency requirements are not solely about the duration spent in the country; they also emphasize integration into Romanian society. This involves active participation in community activities, embracing the local culture, and fostering positive relationships with Romanian residents. Engaging in social initiatives and demonstrating a commitment to being a responsible member of society can enhance one’s eligibility.

Evidence of Residency:

When applying for citizenship, international students must provide evidence of their continuous residency. This includes proof of accommodation, utility bills, and other documents demonstrating a settled and committed lifestyle in Romania. The immigration authorities carefully review these documents to ensure that applicants have met the residency criteria.

Exceptions and Special Considerations:

In certain cases, there may be exceptions or special considerations for residency requirements. For instance, individuals with exceptional contributions to academia, research, or other fields may be eligible for expedited citizenship. It’s essential to stay informed about any updates or changes to the residency criteria and explore individual circumstances with legal professionals.

Dual Residency Considerations:

International students often grapple with the concept of dual residency, especially if they maintain ties with their home countries. Romania generally allows dual residency, but individuals should be aware of potential implications, such as tax obligations and legal responsibilities in both countries. Clarifying these aspects is crucial for a smooth citizenship application process.

Planning for Residency:

Understanding residency requirements early in the journey is crucial for effective planning. International students should maintain meticulous records of their time in Romania, ensuring they can provide comprehensive documentation when the time comes to apply for citizenship. Seeking guidance from immigration experts and legal professionals can also streamline the residency process.

Language Proficiency:

Demonstrating proficiency in the Romanian language is often a prerequisite. Language exams or completion of language courses may be necessary.

Graduates and Employment:

Upon completing their studies, international graduates can explore employment opportunities in Romania. Working in the country and contributing to its economy may enhance their eligibility for citizenship.

Work Permit:

Securing a work permit is crucial for international graduates seeking employment in Romania. This involves collaboration with potential employers and adherence to labor market regulations.

Contributing to the Economy:

Active participation in the Romanian workforce and contributing to the country’s economic development can strengthen an individual’s case for citizenship.

Citizenship of Romania for Immigrants:

General Eligibility Criteria:

Immigrants, regardless of their purpose for moving to Romania, can pursue citizenship through naturalization. Key eligibility criteria include:

Residency Period:

A specific period of legal residency in Romania is a fundamental requirement for naturalization. The specific duration of required residency varies, but it commonly ranges from five to eight years.

Clean Criminal Record:

Applicants must demonstrate a clean criminal record, indicating their commitment to abiding by Romanian laws.

Financial Stability:

Financial stability, often assessed through income and employment, is a crucial factor in the naturalization process.

Romanian Citizenship by Descent and Marriage:

Citizenship by Descent:

Individuals with Romanian ancestors can trace their lineage and apply for citizenship. Genealogical research and proper documentation play a vital role in this process.

Citizenship by Marriage:

Foreign spouses of Romanian citizens can pursue citizenship after a certain period of marriage, typically accompanied by legal residency.

Benefits of Romanian citizenship:

Access to European Union (EU):

One of the most significant advantages of Romanian citizenship is the access it grants to the European Union. As a Romanian citizen, you can live, work, and travel freely within the EU member states.

Economic Opportunities:

Romania, with its growing economy, offers a range of economic opportunities. Citizens can fully participate in the workforce, start businesses, and benefit from government support programs.

Social Services and Healthcare:

Romanian citizens enjoy access to social services, including education and healthcare. This ensures a high quality of life for individuals and their families.

Political Participation:

Acquiring Romanian citizenship enables individuals to participate fully in the country’s political processes. This includes the right to vote and run for public office, contributing to the democratic fabric of the nation.

Cultural Integration:

Romania’s rich cultural heritage becomes more accessible to citizens who can actively engage in local communities, preserving and contributing to the nation’s cultural diversity.


In conclusion, the journey to Romanian citizenship is an enriching and rewarding experience, offering individuals the chance to become integral members of a vibrant and diverse society.

Whether through education, employment, or familial connections, the pathways are varied, accommodating the unique circumstances of international students and immigrants.

The benefits extend far beyond legal recognition, providing a gateway to a brighter future in the heart of Eastern Europe. As Romania continues to thrive and evolve, embracing its citizens, old and new, it stands as an inviting destination for those seeking a place to call home.