Citizenship of Georgia

About Citizenship of Georgia:

Citizenship of Georgia is a valuable status that offers individuals a range of rights and benefits within the country. As a citizen of Georgia, one gains the right to live, work, and study in the country without any restrictions.

Additionally, Georgian citizenship provides access to social services, healthcare, and education, ensuring a high quality of life for its citizens.

Understanding the process and requirements for obtaining Georgian citizenship is important for those seeking to become citizens of this diverse and welcoming country.

Key Aspects of Georgian Citizenship:

Georgian citizenship offers a range of rights and responsibilities that shape the relationship between individuals and the state. Understanding the key aspects of Georgian citizenship, including the acquisition process, loss of citizenship, dual citizenship, rights, and responsibilities, is essential for those seeking to become citizens of Georgia.

Acquisition of Georgian Citizenship:

Georgian citizenship can be acquired through various means, including by birth, descent, naturalization, or exceptional grant. Each method has specific requirements and procedures outlined by Georgian law.

By Birth:

A child born in Georgia to at least one Georgian citizen parent is automatically granted Georgian citizenship. This applies regardless of the nationality or immigration status of the other parent.

By Descent:

Individuals born outside Georgia to at least one Georgian citizen parent may acquire Georgian citizenship through descent. The process typically involves providing documentation to prove the Georgian citizenship of one or both parents.

By Naturalization:

Foreign nationals who have legally resided in Georgia for at least five years, have a stable income, and speak the Georgian language may apply for Georgian citizenship through naturalization. The application process includes submitting a formal request, providing proof of residency and language proficiency, and undergoing a background check.

By Exceptional Grant:

Georgian citizenship may be granted by exception to individuals who have made exceptional contributions to Georgia or who have demonstrated exceptional merit. This process is reserved for individuals who have significantly contributed to the country’s cultural, scientific, or economic development, or who have otherwise distinguished themselves in their field.

Criteria for Exceptional Grant:

The criteria for receiving Georgian citizenship through exceptional grant are not explicitly defined in Georgian law, leaving the decision largely at the discretion of the government. However, individuals seeking citizenship through this process typically need to demonstrate their exceptional contribution or merit through tangible achievements or contributions to Georgian society.

Application Process:

The application process for Georgian citizenship through exceptional grant usually involves submitting a formal request to the relevant authorities, along with supporting documentation that demonstrates the individual’s exceptional contribution or merit. This may include letters of recommendation, awards or honors received, publications, or other evidence of the individual’s achievements.

Decision Process:

The decision to grant Georgian citizenship through exceptional grant is made by the government based on the merits of the application. The government considers the individual’s contribution or merit, as well as the potential benefits of granting citizenship to the individual for Georgia.

Loss of Georgian Citizenship:

Georgian citizenship can be lost under certain circumstances, including voluntary renunciation, acquisition of another citizenship, or actions deemed detrimental to Georgia’s interests. Each of these scenarios is governed by specific laws and regulations outlined by the Georgian government.

Voluntary Renunciation:

Individuals who wish to renounce their Georgian citizenship must submit a formal request to the relevant authorities. This process is typically initiated through the Georgian embassy or consulate in the country of residence. Upon approval of the renunciation request, the individual loses their Georgian citizenship.

Acquisition of Another Citizenship:

Georgian law generally does not permit dual citizenship, except in limited circumstances. Therefore, if a Georgian citizen acquires citizenship of another country without prior permission from the Georgian government, they may lose their Georgian citizenship. It is important for individuals to understand the implications of acquiring another citizenship and to comply with the relevant laws to avoid losing their Georgian citizenship.

Actions Deemed Detrimental to Georgia’s Interests:

Georgian citizenship can also be revoked if an individual’s actions are deemed detrimental to Georgia’s interests. This may include engaging in activities that pose a threat to national security, participating in acts of terrorism, or engaging in criminal activities that undermine the integrity of the state. The decision to revoke citizenship in such cases is made by the relevant authorities based on the circumstances of each case.

Rights of Georgian Citizens:

Georgian citizens enjoy a range of rights, including the right to vote and stand for election, the right to own property, and the right to access healthcare, education, and social services.

Responsibilities of Georgian Citizens:

Georgian citizens are required to obey the laws of the country, pay taxes, and serve in the military if called upon. They are also expected to respect the rights and freedoms of others.

Immigration Law Governing Access to Georgian Citizenship:

Immigrating to Georgia and obtaining citizenship involves navigating specific laws and regulations. For international students and immigrants, understanding the eligibility criteria and application process is crucial. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the Immigration Law Governing Access to Georgian Citizenship for both groups, focusing on these key aspects.

Eligibility Criteria for Georgian Citizenship:

To be eligible for Georgian citizenship, international students and immigrants must meet certain requirements:

Residency Requirements:
  1. Continuous Residency: Applicants must have legally resided in Georgia for a specified period, typically five years, without significant interruptions. This period may vary based on the applicant’s circumstances, such as marriage to a Georgian citizen.
  2. Temporary Residence Permit: Holding a valid temporary residence permit for at least five years is often a prerequisite. The permit must be obtained through legal means and renewed as required by law.
Language and Integration Requirements:
  1. Knowledge of Georgian Language: Applicants must demonstrate a basic understanding of the Georgian language. This requirement is usually assessed through language proficiency tests or interviews.
  2. Integration: Showing integration into Georgian society, including knowledge of Georgian history, culture, and traditions, may be required. This can be demonstrated through participation in community events and activities.
Financial Stability:
  1. Financial Independence: Applicants should demonstrate financial stability and the ability to support themselves and their dependents. This may involve providing proof of income, bank statements, or other financial documents.
Other Requirements:
  1. No Criminal Record: Applicants must provide a clean criminal record from their country of origin and Georgia. Any criminal history may affect the application process.
  2. Good Health: Applicants should undergo a medical examination to confirm their good health. This is to ensure that new citizens do not pose a health risk to the population.

Application Process for Georgian Citizenship:

The application process for Georgian citizenship can vary based on individual circumstances, but it generally involves the following steps:

Step 1: Document Preparation
  1. Application Form: Complete and submit the citizenship application form, available from the Public Service Development Agency (PSDA). The form must be filled out accurately and completely.
  2. Supporting Documents: Gather and submit required documents, including identification, residency permits, and other relevant certificates. These documents should be translated into Georgian and notarized if necessary.
Step 2: Submission of Application
  1. Submit Application: Submit the completed application form and supporting documents to the PSDA or relevant government office. The application must be submitted in person, and any missing documents may delay the process.
Step 3: Review and Decision
  1. Application Review: The authorities will review the application and supporting documents to verify eligibility. This process may take several months, and applicants may be asked to provide additional information or attend interviews.
  2. Decision: Upon review, the authorities will make a decision regarding the citizenship application. If approved, applicants will receive a notification and be required to take an oath of allegiance.
Step 4: Oath of Allegiance
  1. Oath: If the application is approved, applicants may be required to take an oath of allegiance to Georgia. This is a formal ceremony that signifies the applicant’s commitment to becoming a Georgian citizen.
Step 5: Issuance of Citizenship Certificate
  1. Citizenship Certificate: Upon completion of the process, successful applicants will receive a Georgian citizenship certificate. This certificate serves as proof of citizenship and allows the individual to enjoy all the rights and privileges of being a Georgian citizen.

Required Documents for Citizenship Application: 

Obtaining Georgian citizenship requires submitting a variety of documents to support your application. This article provides a detailed overview of the Required Documents for Georgian Citizenship Application, including key subheadings and sub-subheadings.

Personal Identification Documents:

To establish your identity and eligibility for citizenship, you’ll need to provide the following documents:

  • Valid Passport: A copy of your current, valid passport is required.
  • Passport Photos: Recent passport-sized photos may also be needed.
Birth Certificate:
  • Original Birth Certificate: A certified copy of your birth certificate is necessary.
  • Translation: If your birth certificate is in a language other than Georgian, it must be translated into Georgian and certified.

Residence Documents:

You’ll need to prove your legal residence in Georgia to qualify for citizenship. Required documents include:

Residence Permit:
  • Temporary Residence Permit: A copy of your valid temporary residence permit in Georgia.
  • Proof of Residency: Documents showing your continuous residence in Georgia for the required period.

Language and Integration Documents:

To demonstrate your integration into Georgian society, you may need to provide:

Language Proficiency Certificate:
  • Georgian Language Proficiency: A certificate showing your proficiency in the Georgian language.
  • Integration Proof: Documents showing your integration into Georgian society, such as participation in cultural events or community activities.

Financial Documents:

To prove your financial stability and ability to support yourself in Georgia, provide:

Bank Statements:
  • Bank Statements: Recent bank statements showing sufficient funds to support yourself and any dependents.
  • Employment Proof: If employed, provide proof of employment and income.

Criminal Record and Health Documents:

To ensure you meet the requirements regarding criminal record and health, submit:

Criminal Record Certificate:
  • Criminal Record: A certificate from your country of origin and Georgia showing no criminal record.
  • Health Certificate: A medical certificate confirming your good health.

Additional Documents:

Depending on your specific situation, you may need to provide additional documents, such as:

Marriage Certificate:
  • Marriage Certificate: If applicable, provide a certified copy of your marriage certificate.
Divorce Decree:
  • Divorce Decree: If applicable, provide a certified copy of your divorce decree.
Proof of Accommodation:
  • Proof of Accommodation: Documents showing your accommodation arrangements in Georgia.
Other Supporting Documents:
  • Any Other Relevant Documents: Provide any other documents that support your application for Georgian citizenship.

Ensuring you have all the Required Documents for Georgian Citizenship Application is essential for a successful application process. By carefully gathering and submitting these documents, you can increase your chances of obtaining Georgian citizenship and enjoying the benefits of living in this beautiful country.

Benefits of Georgian Citizenship:

Georgian citizenship offers a range of benefits to individuals who obtain it. From visa-free travel to various countries to access to healthcare and education, Georgian citizenship can significantly enhance one’s quality of life. This article explores the Benefits of Georgian Citizenship in detail, highlighting the advantages that come with holding Georgian nationality.

Visa-Free Travel:

Georgian citizens enjoy visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to a wide range of countries, including the European Union, Schengen Area, United Kingdom, and many others. This facilitates easier travel for business, tourism, and visiting family and friends. The visa-free regime enhances Georgia’s international standing and promotes cultural exchange and tourism, benefiting both citizens and the country’s economy.

Access to Healthcare:

Georgian citizens have access to the country’s healthcare system, which provides quality medical services. Additionally, Georgian citizenship may provide access to healthcare services in other countries with which Georgia has reciprocal healthcare agreements. This ensures that citizens receive adequate medical care, contributing to their overall well-being and quality of life.

Education Opportunities:

Georgian citizenship opens doors to educational opportunities in Georgia and abroad. Citizens can benefit from scholarships, grants, and other forms of financial assistance for education. This promotes educational attainment and skills development, empowering citizens to pursue their academic and professional aspirations.

Employment Benefits:

Georgian citizens have the right to work in Georgia without needing a work permit. They also enjoy equal treatment with regard to employment opportunities, salary, and working conditions. This enhances job security and career prospects for citizens, fostering economic stability and growth.

Property Ownership:

Georgian citizens have the right to own property in Georgia without any restrictions. This includes land, houses, apartments, and other real estate properties. The ability to own property provides citizens with a sense of security and investment opportunities, contributing to their financial well-being.

Social Security Benefits:

Georgian citizens are entitled to social security benefits, including retirement pensions, disability benefits, and healthcare coverage, providing financial security and peace of mind. These benefits ensure that citizens are supported during times of need, promoting social welfare and stability.

Cultural and Social Integration:

Becoming a Georgian citizen allows individuals to fully integrate into Georgian society, participate in cultural events, and engage in the country’s rich cultural heritage. This fosters a sense of belonging and community among citizens, promoting social cohesion and diversity.

Family Benefits:

Georgian citizenship can also benefit family members, as citizenship can often be passed down to children and spouses, allowing the entire family to enjoy the advantages of Georgian nationality. This strengthens family ties and provides a sense of unity and identity.

Business Opportunities:

Georgian citizenship can open up business opportunities, as citizens can freely establish and operate businesses in Georgia and benefit from the country’s business-friendly environment. This encourages entrepreneurship and economic growth, creating employment opportunities and driving innovation.


In conclusion, Georgian citizenship offers a range of rights and benefits that contribute to a fulfilling life in this vibrant country. Whether you are looking to study, work, or settle in Georgia, obtaining citizenship can open up a world of opportunities.

By meeting the requirements and following the process outlined by the Georgian government, individuals can enjoy the privileges of citizenship and become an integral part of the Georgian community.

As a citizen of Georgia, you can contribute to the country’s rich cultural heritage, diverse society, and thriving economy, making your mark on this beautiful and welcoming nation.